Demonstrative pronouns أَسماء الإِشارَة

As in MSA, demonstrative pronouns in ‘Ammiyya agree with the nouns they refer to in gender and number in the singular form. The plural form refers to feminine, masculine, and mixed groups.

English الفصحى
Colloquial Jordanian
This (m.) هَذا هاد
This (f.) هَذِهِ هادي / هاي
This (m./f.) / These هَذا / هَذِهِ هـَ + (الـ)اسم* 
These  هَؤُلاء هَدول
That (m.)  ذَلكَ هَداك
That (f.) تِلْكَ هَديك
Those أولَئِكَ هَدولاك

* Note that the demonstrative pronoun (هـَ) will only go with nouns that are defined with the / الـ.


Examples: Read and listen to the following sentences. Note the usage of demonstrative pronouns and their pronunciations in context:

English العامية
Colloquial Jordanian
This instructor is from Jordan. هاد الأُسْتاذ من الأردن.
This is my sister’s car. هاي سَيارة أُخْتي.
I lived on this street one year ago. سَكنِت في هالشارِع قَبِل سَنة.
These are my books. هَدول كُتْبي.*
That is my uncle’s house. هَداك بيت عَمّي.
That school is new. هديك المَدرَسة جديدة.
Those girls are from Palestine. هَدولاك البَنات مِن فِلِسْطين.

* Unlike in MSA, where all non-human plurals are referred to with a feminine singular pronoun, in Jordanian Colloquial groups of objects can be referred to with either the feminine singular (هاي/هَديك) or plural (هَدول/هَدولاك) pronoun.


Now let’s practice!

Click to flip the cards and learn the demonstrative pronouns in ‘Ammiyya. Then, select a game to test your knowledge by clicking “Choose a Study Mode” on the bottom right corner. Have fun!


Exercise: Drag and drop the word