Verb Conjugation تَصريف الأفعال

Present Tense الفِعل المُضارِع

In ‘Ammiyya, the present tense is conjugated by attaching certain suffixes and/or prefixes to the root جَذر .

 

Read and listen to the following verb formed in the present tense.


تَصريف الفَعِل: عِمِلبيِعمَل (
To do)

English العامية
Colloquial Jordanian
استَمِع
Listen
I do أنا بَعمل
We do إِحنا بنِعمِل
You do (m.) إنتَ بتِعمِل
You do (f.) إنتِ بتِعمِلي
You do (pl.) إنتو بتِعمِلوا
He does هُوَّ بيِعمِل
She does هِيَّ بتِعمِل
They do هُمَّ بيِعمِلوا

 

  • Note: The prefix بـ is used to describe an ongoing action, daily routine or to state a fact. Listen and read the following examples:
English العامية
Colloquial Jordanian
استَمِع
Listen
I drink coffee every day before work. أَنا بَشرَب قَهوة كُلّ يوم قَبل الشُّغل.
The kids are playing in the garden that is near our house. الولاد بيِلعَبوا بِالحَديقَة اللي قَريبة مِن بيتنا.
The earth revolves around the sun. الأَرْض بِتدور حَول الشَّمس.

 

In other cases, the بـ will be dropped. Listen and read the following examples:

English العامية
Colloquial Jordanian
استَمِع
Listen
My sister must return to the US at the end of the month. أُختي لازِم تِرجَع عَ أَمريكا بِنِهاية الشَّهِر.
I might work from home today. مُمكِن أَشتَغِل مِن البيت اليوم.
I want to see you (pl.) before you (pl.) travel. بِدّي أَشوفكُم قَبِل ما تسافروا.

 

Past Tense الفِعل الماضي

In ‘Ammiyya, past tense is formed by attaching certain suffixes to the end of the root جذر of the verb. Read and listen to the following verb conjugation in the past tense.

تصريف الفعل: عِمِلبيِعمَل (To do)

English العامية
Colloquial Jordanian
استَمِع
Listen
I did أَنا عمِلِت
We did إِحنا عمِلنا
You did (m.) إنتَ عمِلت
You did (f.) إنتِ عمِلتي
You did (pl.) إِنتو عمِلتوا
He did هُوَّ عِمِل
She did هِيَّ عِملَت
They did هُمَّ عِملوا

 

Future Tense زمن المُستَقبَل

The future tense is simply formed by adding رح or حـ before the present tense conjugation of the verb dropping the prefix بـ from the conjugation. Read and listen to the following sentences and note the use of future tense.

 

English العامية
Colloquial Jordanian
استَمِع
Listen
I will start the new job tomorrow. رَح أبلِّش الشُّغل الجديد بُكرَة.
Tonight, we will watch the new Egyptian movie. الليلة، حَنتفرَّج عَلى الفيلم المَصري الجديد.
Next week, we will look for an apartment in Amman. الأُسبوع الجاي، رَح ندَوِّر عَلى شقة في عمَان.

 

Exercise: Practice verb conjugation in present, past and future 

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