Negation النَّفي

Negation in ‘Ammiyya is very straightforward. Two tools are used for negation: ما and مِش . In this section, you will learn how to use both of them.

 

– ما –

Is used to negate:

A. Verbs in all tenses

English العامية
Colloquial Jordanian
استَمِع
Listen
Present
I’m vegetarian, I don’t eat meat or fish.
المُضارِِع
أَنا نَباتِيّة، ما باكُل لَحمة أَو سَمَك.
Past
Why didn’t you go to the party yesterday?
الماضي
ليش ما رُحتي عالحَفلة مبارِح؟
Future
My family will not travel this year.
المُستَقبَل
عيلتي ما رح يِسافروا هاي السَّنة.

 

B. Pseudo-verbs, which are based on non-verbal construction and usually consist of a preposition. Such as: بِدّه، عِندُه، مَعه، إلُه، في

English العامية
Colloquial Jordanian
استَمِع
Listen
We don’t have a test today ما عِندنا امتحان اليوم.
My sister doesn’t want to study in Jordan. أُختي ما بِدّها تُدرُس بالأُردُن.
The students don’t have (with them) the dictionary for today’s class. الطُّلاب ما مَعهُم القاموس للصَّف اليوم.
There are no nuts in the food. ما في مُكَسَّرات بالأكِل.

 

 

– مِش –


Is used to negate everything else:

A. Nouns, including proper names أَسماء مَعرِفة, pronouns الضَمائِر, demonstrative pronouns أَسماء الإِشارة, active participle اسم الفاعِل, passive participle اسم المَفعول.

English العامية
Colloquial Jordanian
استَمِع
Listen
I’m not Khalid, I’m Sami. أنا مِش خالِد، أَنا سامي.
It wasn’t him who bought the car, my dad bought it. مِش هُوِّ اللي اشتَرى السِّيارة، أَبوي اشتَراها.
This isn’t our house, our house is at the end of the street. مِش هاد بيتنا، بيتنا في آخِر الشارع.
My mom isn’t free today, she has a lot of work. أُمي مِش فاضية اليوم، عِندها شُغل كثير.
Smoking isn’t prohibited in many places in Jordan. التَّدخين مِش مَمنوع في كثير أَماكِن بالأُردُن.

 

B. Adjectives, including Nisba adjectives and colors

English العامية
Colloquial Jordanian
استَمِع
Listen
My phone isn’t broken. تِلِفوني مِش خَربان.
My brother isn’t very social. أَخوي مِش اجتِماعي كثير.
This color isn’t green, it’s blue. هاد اللون مِش أَخضَر، هاد أزرَق

 

C. Equivalents for English words which express modality (modal verbs, adjectives), such as need or must (لازِم), can or (to be) possible (مُمكِن), and must or (to be) necessary (ضَروري).

English العامية
Colloquial Jordanian
استَمِع
Listen
You don’t need to study a lot for the test. It isn’t difficult. مِش لازِم تُدرُسي كثير للامتِحان. مِش صَعِب.
I can’t see you this evening. I will sleep early. مِش مُمكِن أشوفَك اليوم المَسا، رَح أَنام بَكير.
This work isn’t necessary, you can finish it tomorrow. هاد الشُّغُل مِش ضَروري، مُمكِن تخَلصيه بُكرة.

 

Fill in the blanks exercise:

css.php